How Tobacco Harm Reduction Methods Help Smokers Quit Smoking?
Use Tobacco Harm Reduction As Guideline
Smoking harms health. That is a sentence that is often heard, read and also said by many parties, especially when it comes to anti-smoking campaigns and various others. The general public is aware of the dangers of smoking, but there are still many people who smoke despite being aware of the dangers that lie ahead. Experts and researchers conducted several studies to make it easier for a smoker to quit smoking and lead a healthier life. Among the results of the study included methods of reducing tobacco harm.
Tobacco Harm Reduction (THR) is a public health strategy to reduce health risks for individuals who often use tobacco products. Tobacco harm reduction approaches are now gaining popularity around the world in helping to encourage heavy smokers to quit smoking through the introduction of less harmful alternative products.<br>
However, awareness in Malaysia about strategies to reduce tobacco harm is still at an early stage. Perceptions of alternative methods are still different regarding their harm, although experts abroad see tobacco harm reduction methods as reducing health risks compared to traditional cigarettes.
More than seven million people die as a result of smoking or inhaling cigarette smoke every year according to a statement revealed by the World Health Organization (WHO).
According to Osman Lisut (2018), a cigarette has various types of poisonous substances containing tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide which are very dangerous and harmful to health.
According to Haris Asyraf (2021), smoking affects body parts and organs such as lungs, heart, blood vessels, brain and digestive system. In addition, smoking also has a negative effect on sexual relations and self-appearance.
Among the main ingredients in cigarettes are nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide, arsenic, formaldehyde, lead, benzene, cadmium, hydrogen cyanide and acetone.
Main Ingredients In Cigarettes
The general function of nicotine is to plan the production of dopamine in the brain. What about dopamine? Dopamine is a hormone that causes a person to feel happy and excited. Like a drug, dopamine works to train the brain to repeat nicotine intake. Every time a person smokes a cigarette, it becomes harder to quit.
Among the symptoms experienced are a strong desire to smoke, irritability, anxiety and not being able to concentrate. The effect of nicotine on the body causes blood vessels to be damaged and the risk of narrowing of blood vessels, frequent headaches, disturbances in the digestive system and even stomach ulcers.
Main Ingredients In Cigarettes
Various cancer-causing chemicals are in tar. More than 60 chemicals found in tar are carcinogenic. Tar causes the lungs to turn black, creates a sticky surface on the inner walls of the lungs and causes cancer and chronic respiratory diseases. In addition, oral cancer, tooth decay and poor appearance can also be caused by this substance.
Main Ingredients In Cigarettes
Carbon monoxide is an odorless and colorless gas. This gas will increase in the blood when smoking. Oxygen will combine with this gas when it first enters the blood vessels, then the oxygen is blocked from being absorbed into the body’s cells. The effects of carbon monoxide poisoning are fatigue, dizziness, nausea, confusion and vomiting.
This is just an explanation for the three main ingredients only, but you can see the function of the ingredients and their effects on the body. However, according to experts, nicotine is not the main cause of smoking-related diseases but cigarette smoke that contains harmful chemicals produced through the combustion process.
According to the Malaysian Ministry of Health, electronic devices that contain nicotine are called ‘electronic cigarettes’. while devices that do not contain nicotine are called vape. The main components of this device are the battery, atomiser and cartridge.
The main ingredients of electronic cigarettes are nicotine, propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin, flavorings and dyes. The main ingredients of vape are propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin, flavorings and dyes. According to data released by the Malaysian Ministry of Health, there are now 1.12 million vape smokers in Malaysia.
According to Johor Medical Group’s (KPJ) Respiratory Consultant, Johor Specialist Hospital, Dr Muhammad Redzwan S Rashid Ali, explained that at the moment, vaping seems “safe” as an alternative to tobacco cigarettes, although there is no clear evidence from a medical point of view.
According to a study by Public Health England (PHE) vaping or e-cigarettes is an effective way to help smokers quit smoking. Vape is 95% less harmful than traditional cigarettes. The report also revealed that more than A public health expert in harm reduction and tobacco in the United Kingdom (UK), Clive Bates said, one of the main studies is a biomarker study that has been done and shows that the recorded health risks are very low. These biomarker studies measure the levels of toxic substances in the blood, saliva or urine of vaping users and when compared to individuals who smoke, they are at undetectable or significantly lower levels.
IQOS heats specially prepared and blended tobacco at temperatures below 350°C, without combustion, flame, ash, or smoke. This process produces vapor containing flavored nicotine, which releases the true taste of heated tobacco. The level of harmful chemicals can be significantly reduced compared to cigarette smoke because it does not involve the combustion process.
TEEPS heats the tobacco to bring out the true flavor. But TEEPS uses an alternative heating source to extract tobacco flavor and nicotine from tobacco leaves: it is heated with carbon and it resembles a cigarette, but it is not a cigarette.
Nicotine replacement therapy or nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) acts to supply nicotine only without other chemicals commonly found in cigarette smoke in low doses to the brain as a replacement for nicotine from cigarettes. This approach aims to reduce the craving for nicotine as well as reduce or prevent withdrawal symptoms that may occur when quitting smoking.
There are several types of NRT products that can be obtained according to the form and suitability according to the level of dependence on nicotine. The five types of NRT products are nicotine gum, nicotine inhalers, nicotine lozenges, nicotine nasal sprays, and nicotine patches.
Smoking is indeed a dangerous thing. Not only to the smoker himself but to those around them who are also inhaling cigarette smoke. It may be quite difficult to quit smoking in a short period of time but with the existence of this tobacco harm reduction method and available alternatives, at least smokers can switch to something less harmful and then stop slowly.